China is a large country for carp culture, with Japanese cockroaches as the main breeding species, accounting for more than 60% of the world's population. The most important species for exporting live cockroaches in China are Japanese cockroaches, and the exporting countries are mainly Japan and South Korea. Squid and its products are among the top five agricultural products with the largest export value in China. The output value per unit and export volume is relatively large. In 2016, China exported 6098 tons of live Japanese and South Korea, of which 3657 tons and 8708 were exported by Guangdong Jiangmen Inspection and Quarantine Bureau. Ten thousand dollars, accounting for 60% of the country. Through the joint efforts of the squid industry and the regulatory authorities, the activity has become one of the few export agricultural products that China has obtained the pricing power of international trade, but exports face many constraints. From the perspective of the supervision of Jiangmen Bureau, two-way smuggling of seedlings, foreign technical trade measures, and vicious competition in the industry are the three major factors that need to be solved.
The artificial breeding of carp seedlings is still a world problem, and the seedlings have been supplied by natural fishing. Over-the-counter catching and water pollution have led to a sharp decline in seedling resources. The annual cycle of abundance has become a history. The catch of seedlings has been poorly harvested year after year. The price of seedlings has risen year after year, and the unit price of gold is comparable to gold. In terms of geographical distribution, the capture of Japanese seedlings accounts for 60% of mainland China, 30% of Japan, and 10% of Taiwan Province of China.
The shortage of seedlings, the misplacement of the seedling season and the temptation of high profits have caused the smuggling of the seedlings. The smuggling of Japanese seedlings between China, Taiwan and Japan at different time periods has become an open secret. As the country with the largest number of oysters, the smuggling of smuggling in China has intensified the contradiction of insufficient supply of seedlings in China, which has pushed up the cost of domestic breeding, which has made China’s mainland unable to grasp the advantages of being the main producing area for seedlings. It has seriously weakened the trade leading power of China's export squid.
Japanese smuggling smuggling is generally carried out through Hong Kong and Macao ports of entry and exit or the southeast coast. The smuggling is the seedlings of the "white seedlings" growing stage, which has a small volume and is easy to carry, which brings certain difficulties to the anti-smuggling work. Must perform their duties. Frontier defense, customs and other anti-smuggling departments can carry out special crackdowns at specific times to exhaust the smuggling momentum of the seedlings. The marine fishery department strengthens the registration management of seedling fishing and breeding sites, establishes a sound seedling fishing management system, incorporates seedling cultivation sites into license management, and formulates and implements fishing license systems. More than 70% of squid products are exported, and the inspection and quarantine department takes advantage of the management advantages of import and export. The joint marine fishery department registers and writes off the squid seedlings of registered and registered farms. It is also one of the exhausted smuggling of seedlings. Effective Ways.
Actively respond to foreign technical trade measures
In order to protect its domestic carp culture industry, Japan has hindered the export of live squid in China and implemented a mandatory “command inspection” system for imported squid products. In the past 10 years, the implementation of "ciprofloxacin", "malachite green" and "nitrofuran metabolites" has been inspected. In 2006, the "Japan Positive List System" was implemented. New testing items can be introduced at any time, such as the recent focus on weeding. The agent is monitored in a focused manner.
Strict technical trade measures abroad have made it difficult for squid production and export enterprises to worry about the drug residues of squid products. When they are sick, they dare not use drugs and miss the timing of drugs. Repeated inspections and increased operating costs, the current export of squid must be 65 items, there is a trend to increase testing items at any time. If the regulatory authorities are on thin ice, the one-sided restriction on the use of antibiotics hinders the company's prevention and treatment of squid, and it is not scientific.
Establish a special research group to strengthen diplomatic relations. In view of the current situation in which it is impossible to grasp the official sampling items, frequency and testing methods of Japan and Korea from an official route, a special research group will be set up to carry out dynamic information collection.
Further revision of the safety risk monitoring plan and the residual substance monitoring plan. For example, the detection of hormones, because the squid begins to mature at the earliest 3 years, the carp culture period generally does not exceed 3 years, so this monitoring is of no practical significance. Some forward-looking tests for the “Japan Positive List System” have yet to be strengthened to change the current situation of passively responding to the launch of new testing projects in Japan and Korea.
Strengthen the supervision and enforcement of inputs in the breeding sector. In the supervision, we found that the domestic fishery market management is not standardized. Some medicines are fishery drugs, but they are marked as “non-pharmaceuticals” to conceal the fact that the drugs cannot obtain the registration qualification of veterinary drugs. Some fishery suppliers are privately prepared. The sale of fishery drugs has not been effectively rectified.
Vigorously promote industry export self-discipline
Japan is a major importer of live oysters and a large aquaculture country after China. In order to safeguard the interests of its domestic squid industry, the Japanese squadron often manufactures and distributes aquaculture and sales of smoke screens, misleading our country's carp farming and trading companies, and manufacturing China’s export trade panic has triggered price competition and has greatly damaged the interests of China’s salmon farming and export trade.